Graduates of the Duke School of Medicine will be leaders in healthcare.
To accomplish this goal, the Duke School of Medicine Foundations for Excellence Curriculum now includes the LEAD Program. This program was developed as an integrated curriculum for all Duke medical students that spans the four years of medical education. The first two years (Foundations and Experiential) of the LEAD program includes lectures, workshops, clinical skills foundations, team-based learning (TBL) activities, and the Cultural Determinants and Healthcare Disparities (CDHD) curriculum. The third and fourth years (Electives and Capstone) provide students with opportunities to practice newly acquired skills through a variety of active leadership roles, to include being a student facilitator for the LEAD program.
Importantly, we have been intentional in not making the leadership development curriculum a ‘stand-alone’ experience for our students because each of the patient centered skills/competencies we teach (emotional intelligence, integrity, teamwork, selfless service, critical thinking) are best understood in the context of a clinical/hospital setting.
Students who are interested in more leadership training and education beyond the LEAD Program have the opportunity to take electives from the Pathway to Leadership Certification program.
The leadership competencies for the LEAD Program are from the Duke Healthcare Leadership Model[i].
Patient Centered – Acting with focus on the values and goals of patients.
Emotional Intelligence – The ability to recognize and understand thinking and emotions in yourself and others; and to use this awareness to effectively manage your behavior and relationships.
Critical Thinking – Using all available sources of knowledge to create appropriate and effective solutions while being aware of internal and external biases.
Teamwork – Collaborating and maximizing one’s role to enhance team performance and cohesion.
Integrity – Being honest and acting in accordance with strong moral principles in one’s personal and professional life.
Selfless Service – Prioritizing others’ needs over individual wants and desires, while maintaining personal and professional balance.
Of note, the Clinical Skills Foundations (CSF) Course (mentioned above) is a required, three-year longitudinal curriculum, which introduces Duke medical students to the core aspects of doctoring and provides students with the opportunities .
Healthcare Leadership Model:
- Doctor-patient communication (Emotional Intelligence)
- Basic and advanced clinical communication skills (Emotional Intelligence, Teamwork)
- Effective small group dynamics (Emotional Intelligence, Teamwork, Selfless Service)
- Expand self-learning skills (Emotional Intelligence)
- Physical examination skills
Course Director: Dean Taylor, MD
Associate Course Directors: Cecily Peterson, MD and Joe Doty, PhD
Course Faculty: Tony Fuller, MD; Chan Park, MD; Adia Ross, MD; Fatima Syed, MD