What is the Vision for the Duke OTD Curriculum?

As you read about our vision in this section, note particularly how you respond to it intellectually, soulfully, and physiologically.

A vision for the Duke OTD should reflect the commitments of Duke and a desired future in which occupational therapy, as described above, fulfills its potential contributions to society.

Sometimes you will see vision statements that focus on what a curriculum or program will become. We wrote the Duke vision to focus on what we desire for the world—the ideal state that we want the curriculum and its graduates to help shape. The vision is bold and inspirational, broad and audacious. It reads,

We envision an inclusive world where all people flourish through access to and participation in meaningful, health supporting occupations, the activities of everyday life.

Though broad and aspirational, the curriculum will guide you to connect this vision to the day-to-day learning you will do in the program. Through intentional instructional design, we expect that whether making a hand splint or advocating to legislators for mental health reform, you will see your efforts in direct relation to access and participation to meaningful occupation. We expect, too, that this vision will shape how you enact these and all your professional skills.

As you read the other parts of the Duke OTD curriculum infrastructure, consider the internal consistency among all the parts. Do they feel all of one piece to you?

The program’s aim and mission, like its vision, were derived from the early data from stakeholders. An Aim is a general statement about the curriculum’s impact on students. The aim for the Duke OTD reads:

The primary aim of the Duke OTD is to transform students into ethical leaders and service providers who collaboratively enable people’s access to and participation in meaningful, health-supporting occupations, which is the health mechanism of utmost concern to occupational therapists.

The Duke OTD mission targets three specific areas by which the OTD Division will advance the vision and aim. One, the OTD Division will offer innovative education, meaning that how the curriculum is structured, how students are assessed, and what experiences they have in the curriculum will be at the cutting edge of education in contemporary occupational therapy. Two, the OTD Division will advance innovative research, meaning research that occurs at the intersection of health and everyday occupations. And, three, the OTD Division will offer innovative collaborations, meaning interprofessional partnerships that include and extend beyond the medical school. Innovation in these three areas will serve as the means by which students are equipped to engage authentically with their profession, enable diverse people’s occupations, and lead the profession into the future. Therefore, the mission of the OTD division reads,

  • Affirming the vital role of occupation in human flourishing and health, the Duke OTD, through innovative education, research, and collaborations, empowers students to practice with authenticity, compassion, and care by integrating who they are as persons with what they do as professionals
  • address, through skillful practice and scholarship, the complex transactions that limit and enable people’s access to and participation in meaningful, health-supporting occupations
  • serve as ethical, visionary leaders who anticipate the evolving occupational needs of diverse populations, communities, and individuals; who proactively and creatively address those needs through innovation and scholarship;
  • Contribute in diverse ways to the growth of occupational therapy locally and globally

Key Knowledge Domains

To move toward this vision, aim, and mission will require that you gain knowledge in particular domains or areas. The domains or areas of study for Duke OTD were established by asking, What areas of knowledge will students need to partially master if they are to advance the OTD mission?

Students will, most centrally, need to be immersed in the philosophical, theoretical, and empirical foundations of occupation as a basic mechanism of health. This is the core knowledge base of occupational therapy and of the Duke OTD curriculum. Grounded in the relationship of occupation and health, students will need to trace that foundation forward into the field’s theories and practice processes. They will need to master knowledge in supporting domains as well. At the heart of the vision and mission of the OTD lies the presupposition that students will work collaboratively and compassionately with people from all walks of life across the lifespan and that they will become ethical leaders in all aspects of their work. They will also need to master basic principles of research, evidence-based practice, and practice-based inquiry. And since occupational therapy is essentially about helping people learn about and make changes to their occupational lives, students will need knowledge of how people learn and change. The key knowledge domains for the OTD are therefore,

  • Occupation as a mechanism of health
  • The occupational therapy process
  • Diversity, inclusion, and belonging
  • Innovation and Everyday Leadership
  • Formation for service
  • Creating, translating and assembling knowledge
  • Learning and change

If you come to Duke, we will ask you to join us in the following commitments, that like the knowledge domains above help bring alive the vision, aim, mission:

  • Enabling occupation is the core competence of occupational therapists.
  • Research and education centered on occupation are paramount.
  • Deep learning occurs through diversity, community, and educational excellence.
  • Integrity and authenticity are essential to collaborative work with diverse clients, patients, and colleagues.
  • Innovation and excellence enliven all and meet real-world needs.
  • Intellectual humility and open inquiry advance knowledge

What we have shared so far about the curriculum design or infrastructure, should culminate in the outcomes that you will be expected to meet by the end of the program. The Duke OTD outcomes are organized by the knowledge domains described above.

As you read descriptions below of graduates of Duke, ask yourself if this is a growth journey you would be willing to take:

  • Duke OTD students possess an unabated commitment to the premise that engagement in occupations is a human right and key ingredient for the health of people of all ages, abilities, and life circumstances.
  • Duke OTD students are unequivocal that collaboratively enabling occupational engagement of populations, communities, and individuals is occupational therapy’s distinct contribution to improving health and wellbeing.
  • Grounded in an ethic of occupational justice, Duke OTD students 1) appreciate that the ways people engage in occupation varies across diverse socio-cultural contexts, 2) with cultural humility, seek to understand clients’ unique history of doing things in particular ways, 3) uphold the rights of all people to engage in the occupations that are meaningful to them in ways that are meaningful to them, and 4) work collaboratively to enable access to and participation in diverse occupations.
  • Duke OTD students innovate in medical, community-based, and primary care systems to advance the health of populations, communities, and individuals through enabling occupation.
  • Duke OTD students link personal and professional callings to provide authentic, collaborative, compassionate care and leadership.

Learning by doing is a commitment across most occupational therapy education. At Duke, you will be expected to apply coursework to real-world issues in every class using case- and team-based learning. This focus in the class on application of coursework, will require a commitment to significant pre-class preparation. In addition to each class requiring application of content, you will also engage with agencies in the community every semester. Perhaps, most distinctly, every semester will conclude with two weeks of application experiences. The first week will involve simulation experiences; the second week will involve experiences in settings where occupational therapists work or may work. The two-week pairing of simulation and practice at the end of each semester constitute the Level I Fieldwork experiences in the Duke OTD, totaling almost 500 hours of direct experience. The Fieldwork section of the website contains more detail.

You will also be expected to apply research to real-world problems, apply program evaluation and development to the needs of a community agency, apply entrepreneurial skills to real project development. These and other direct experiences are all integrated with coursework throughout the Duke OTD Curriculum.

The Duke OTD will focus on direct application of concepts to your prior experience and future growth as a professional.

The learning community at Duke will include the students, OTD faculty, interdisciplinary faculty, community practitioners as mentors, members of the Durham community, service recipients, standardized patients, researchers, and authors outside of Duke. Each member of the learning community will support your developing knowledge about occupation and its role in health and how to enable occupation as a therapist.

The following initiatives are intended to create a diverse learning community:

  • An application and admission process that welcomes applicants from many walks of life, including from as many undergraduate fields as possible.
  • A faculty position to evaluate and help build anti-racist and inclusive educational structures and practices
  • A commitment to learning through diversity;

At Duke, learning is integrated, subject-centered, and transformative; learning is active and grounded in how expert occupational therapists solve real occupational problems. Integrated means that you will take what you learn in one course and use it in several other courses, take what you learn in one semester and apply it to future semesters, and take what you learn in coursework and apply it in fieldwork. Integrated also means you will grow your understanding of who you are as a person and apply it to who you are as a professional. Subject-centered means that you will continuously link the topics you learn to the core subject of occupational therapy, occupation as a mechanism of health. You won’t learn concepts and skills in stand-alone fashion; you will learn concepts and skills in light of their relevance to how people perform and experience occupation. Transformative means that you will examine assumptions about knowledge, your self, and others and, when needed, transform those assumptions and habitual ways of approaching some things. For example, to be successful in the Duke OTD, you will need to become comfortable with knowledge as fluid and in process rather than as fixed and static. For some, to embrace knowledge as always in process can be challenging until they transform their assumptions about knowledge and embrace a new perspective

The learning community includes students, faculty, practitioners, interprofessional colleagues, community members, clients, guests, and others. A learning community is a community of people from diverse backgrounds, with diverse knowledge and skills, and who hold diverse perspectives, who come together around a subject about which they collectively care deeply, even love. The learning community has a shared goal of participating in deep learning and educational rigor related to the subject they love. Deep learning requires presence. Individuals in the community vow to show up with authenticity, bringing their whole self to the learning. The community commits to honor diverse views, learn through difference, practice intellectual and cultural humility. This participation is caring—care for each other, care for the subject we all gather to know.

At Duke, you will engage with research and evidence-based practice in multiple ways. Most will occur in mentoring relationships with faculty, practitioners, community members, and interdisciplinary colleagues. One, each class will expect you to use the published literature and research as one element in your professional reasoning. Two, you will engage in a series of six research courses and complete a mentored research project. Three, your Capstone project and experience will include growing and/or implementing evidence for a program implemented with a community agency. Four, you will have a full course on Occupational Science which will guide the inquiry for your own projects. Five, you will demonstrate the value of occupational therapy services using evidence. Six, you will disseminate your research-based projects publicly through presentations and publications.

Yes! And Yes! Dr. Hooper’s research, scholarship, and consulting focus on creating tools and processes for occupational therapy educators to design learning centered on occupation. A commitment to occupation as the core idea of occupational therapy is one of the criteria for hiring faculty to teach in the Duke OTD. Dr. Barton’s research and scholarship address participation in religious occupations among people with intellectual disabilities. Dr. Moyle is committed to creating an occupation-centered fieldwork curriculum. Interprofessional collaborators are selected based on their engagement in improving how people engage in activity.

n your investigations, you will find that programs are sometimes organized by lifespan categories such as pediatrics, adults, and older adults. Sometimes programs are organized by sub-specialties of the field such as orthopedics, neuro, hands, and wellness. You will also see programs structured by settings such as school-based practice, community-based practice, medical model practice. Rather than sub-specialties or lifespan, the Duke OTD program of study is organized according to the enduring ideas of the profession. These are the threads that run throughout all practice areas.

In year one, you will learn why occupation is considered a mechanism of health and various models that guide expert thinking about occupation. Learning will range from the geopolitical factors that influence occupation all the way down to specific body functions that can influence occupation. Then you will learn ways that occupation can be disrupted by events such as acquired disability, stigma, bullying, life transitions, natural disasters, and poorly designed environments. Throughout the entire program of study, you will learn how expert occupational therapists think about, talk to people about, watch people doing occupations, how they analyze what they hear and see, and how they collaborate with clients to create goals. You learn the skills expert occupational therapists use to enable access and participation in occupation. These skills include coaching, adapting, consulting, educating, and designing. Taken together, the skills you learn in Year One constitute the occupational therapy process.

In year two, you learn how expert occupational therapists use the occupational therapy process to impact occupation through interventions targeting groups, organizations, and communities. These skills include creating education programs, conducting program evaluations, designing programs, conducting research. Also in Year Two, you have opportunity to customize your program of study through Advanced Practice Courses and Electives.

Year three includes your culminating practices experiences. These include two 12-week Level II Fieldwork experiences and one 14-week Capstone experience.