Tech Tips & Tricks

Work Smarter Not Harder

New To Mac OS?

This is a great article by Apple that uses Windows terms and explains what they’re called in Mac OS and how to find them.

Duke Unlock

Sidecar

Sidecar

 

With Sidecar, you can use your iPad as a display that extends or mirrors your Mac desktop.

  • If you're using macOS Big Sur, click the Display menu in Control Center or the menu bar, then choose your iPad from the menu.
     
  • If you're using macOS Catalina, click the AirPlay icon  in the menu bar, then choose your iPad from the menu. (If you don't see the AirPlay icon, choose Apple menu  > System Preferences, click Displays, and select “Show mirroring options in the menu bar when available”.)
  • Or just move a window to your iPad, as described in next section.
  • Or connect using the menu in Sidecar preferences.

Switch to screen mirroring

  • By default, your iPad shows an extension of your Mac desktop. You can move windows to it and use it like any other display.
  • To mirror your Mac display so that both screens show the same content, return to the Display menu or AirPlay menu, which shows a blue iPad icon   while using Sidecar. Choose the option to mirror your display.

End the Sidecar session

  • If you're using macOS Big Sur, return to the Display menu in Control Center or the menu bar and choose your iPad again to disconnect from it.
  • If you're using macOS Catalina, return to the AirPlay menu and choose the option to disconnect. 
  • Or use the Disconnect button  in the sidebar on your iPad, or in Sidecar preferences on your Mac.

Learn more about using external displays. For example, you can use Displays preferences to arrange displays so that your iPad extends the left, right, top, or bottom of your desktop.

 

 

AppleSktech

Continuity

Camera-Take a picture or scan a document with your nearby iPhone or iPad and have it appear instantly on your Mac. 

Univeral Clipboard-Copy text, images, photos, and videos on one Apple device and then paste the content on another Apple device. For example, you can copy a recipe from Safari on your Mac, then paste it into Notes on your nearby iPhone. See

  1. On your Mac, position the pointer where you want to insert a sketch or markup.

    For example, in a document, a note, or an email.

  2. Choose File > Insert from iPhone or iPad, then choose Add Sketch. 

    You can also Control-click the desktop or a folder in a Finder window, choose Import from iPhone or iPad, then choose Add Sketch.

    If you don’t see the commands in the File menu, they may be in another menu (such as the Edit or Insert menu) or the app you’re using might not support them.

  3. On your iPhone or iPad, draw a sketch using your finger; on iPad, you can also use Apple Pencil.

  4. When you’re ready, tap Done.

  5. On your Mac, the sketch appears where you positioned the pointer or, if you started from the desktop or a folder, as a file.

    Depending on where the sketch is inserted, you can mark it up or adjust other aspects, such as apply a filter or change its size.

  1. On your Mac, position the pointer where you want to insert a photo or scan.

    For example, in a document, a note, or an email.

  2. Choose File > Insert from iPhone or iPad, then choose Take Photo or Scan Documents. 

    In some apps, you can choose File > Import from iPhone or iPad, then choose Take Photo or Scan Documents to create a new file with your photo or scans. You can also Control-click the desktop or a folder in a Finder window, choose Import from iPhone or iPad, then choose Take Photo or Scan Documents.

    If you don’t see the commands in the File menu, they may be in another menu (such as the Edit or Insert menu) or the app you’re using might not support Continuity Camera.

  3. On your iPhone or iPad, do one of the following:

    • For a photo: Take the photo, then tap Use Photo or Retake.

    • For a scan: Take the scan. Your device detects the edges of the document and autocorrects any skewing of the image—if you want to adjust the area included in the scan, drag the frame or its edges. When you’re ready, tap Keep Scan or Retake. When you have the scan you want, tap Save.

  4. On your Mac, the picture or scan appears where you positioned the pointer or, if you started from the desktop or a folder, as a file.

    Depending on where the photo or scan is inserted, you can mark it up or adjust other aspects, such as crop it or apply a filter.

Handoffexample

Handoff

Start something on one device, finish it on another. 

Open Onenote on your iPad to easily add pictures, documents, or sketches to your notes and immediately see those edits on your Macbook.

With Handoff, you can start something on one device (Mac, iPhone, iPad, or Apple Watch) and then pick it up on another without losing focus on what you’re doing. For example, start answering an email on your iPhone, then finish it in Mail on your Mac. You can use Handoff with many Apple apps—for example, Calendar, Contacts, Pages, or Safari. Some third-party apps may also work with Handoff.

An app’s Handoff icon from iPhone near the right end of the Dock.

To use Handoff, your devices must meet Continuity system requirements. They must also have Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and Handoff turned on in System Preferences (on your Mac) and in Settings (on your iOS and iPadOS devices). You must be signed in with the same Apple IDon all your devices. 

Tip: When Handoff is on, you can use Universal Clipboard to copy and paste text, images, photos, and videos across devices. You can also copy files between Mac computers.

Turn Handoff on or off

Note: If you don’t see a Handoff option on your device, it doesn’t work with Handoff.

  • On your Mac: Choose Apple menu 

     > System Preferences, click General, then select “Allow Handoff between this Mac and your iCloud devices” (at the bottom of the pane). To turn it off, deselect the option.

     

  • On iPad, iPhone, or iPod touch: Go to Settings > General > AirPlay & Handoff, then turn on or off Handoff.

  • On Apple Watch: Open the Apple Watch app on iPhone, go to My Watch > General, then turn on or off Enable Handoff.

Hand off between devices

  • From your Mac to an iOS or iPadOS device: The Handoff icon of the app you’re using on your Mac appears on your iPhone (at the bottom of the app switcher) or your iPad or iPod touch (at the end of the Dock). Tap to continue working in the app.

  • From an iOS or iPadOS device or Apple Watch to your Mac: The Handoff icon of the app you’re using on your iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, or Apple Watch appears on your Mac near the right end of the Dock (or the bottom, depending on the Dock position). Click the icon to continue working in the app.

    You can also press Command-Tab to quickly switch to the app that has the Handoff icon.

The MSO suite of programs is designed to let you easily pick up where you left off as you switch from device to device. 

Install the Anki, Word, Excel, and/or OneNote app onto your iPad or iPhone and sign in to your Duke account. Now you can see all the items you have been working on across your devices. 

This can be particularly handy when taking notes. You can snap pictures or documents on the iPad to add to your notes or use an Apple pencil to jot down notes or make drawings. With Sketchy, you can even set up your script to be turned into digital text. 

 

 

 

apple notification

Get information at a glance

Your notifications and widgets appear in a single view in Notification Center, so you can easily see what your day has in store. You can also add the widgets you want, in three different sizes.

 

Open or close Notification Center on your Mac

On your Mac, do any of the following:

  • Open Notification Center: Click the date and time in the menu bar, or swipe left with two fingers from the right edge of the trackpad. 

  • Close Notification Center: Click anywhere on the desktop, click the date and time in the menu bar, or swipe right with two fingers toward the right edge of the trackpad.

Use notifications in Notification Center on your Mac

In Notification Center, move the pointer over a notification, then do any of the following:

  • Expand or collapse a stack of notifications: If an app’s notifications are grouped, multiple notifications are stacked. To expand the stack and see all of the notifications, click anywhere in the top notification. To collapse the stack, click Show less.

  • Take action: Click the action. For example, click Snooze in a notification from the Calendar app, or click Reply in a notification from the Mail app.

    If an action has an arrow  next to it, click the arrow for more options. For example, to reply to a call using the Messages app, click the arrow next to Decline, then choose Reply with Message.

  • See more details: Click the notification to open the item in the app. If an arrow  is shown to the right of the app name, click the arrow to see details in the notification.

  • Change an app’s notification settings: If an arrow  is shown to the right of the app name, click the arrow, click the More button , then choose an option:

    • Deliver Quietly: Notifications are not shown in the upper-right corner of the screen or on the lock screen (they are shown in Notification Center), and a sound is not played when you receive notifications.

    • Deliver Prominently: Notifications are shown in the upper-right corner of the screen and on the lock screen (and in Notification Center), and a sound is played when you receive notifications.

    • Turn Off: Notifications are not received. To turn on notifications again for the app, choose Apple menu 

       > System Preferences, click Notifications, select the app on the left, then click Allow Notifications on the right (blue indicates notifications are turned on).

       

    • Notification Preferences: Show the app’s notification settings in Notifications preferences.

  • Clear a single notification or all notifications in a stack: Click the Clear or Clear All button .

Use widgets in Notification Center on your Mac

In Notification Center, do any of the following:

  • See more details: Click anywhere in a widget to open the related preferences, app, or webpage. For example, click anywhere in the Clock widget to open Date & Time preferences, or click anywhere in the Reminders widget to open the Reminders app.

  • Remove a widget: Press and hold the Option key while you move the pointer over the widget, then click the Remove button .

Customize Notification Center on your Mac

  1. On your Mac, open Notification Center, then click Edit Widgets at the bottom.

  2. Do any of the following:

    • Find a widget: Use the search field to search for a widget, or click a category, such as Clock, to preview available widgets. 

    • Add a widget: In the widget preview, click a size (if available), move the pointer over the widget in the preview, then click the Add button . The widget’s added to the active widgets on the right.

    • Rearrange widgets: In the active widgets, drag a widget to a different location.

    • Edit a widget: In the active widgets, move the pointer over the widget (Edit Widget appears below its name), then click anywhere in the widget. The widget flips to reveal settings you can customize—for example, you can change the list shown in the Reminders widget. When you’re ready, click Done. 

    • Resize a widget: In the active widgets, Control-click a widget, then choose a different size.

    • Remove an active widget: Move the pointer over an active widget, then click the Remove button .

  3. When you’re ready, click Done at the bottom of the active widgets.

 

Today View widgets show you current information from your favorite apps at a glance—today’s headlines, weather, calendar events, battery levels, and more. You can add these widgets to your Home Screen to keep this information at your fingertips.

The Home Screen with Today View widgets—including the Photos, Weather, Tips, and Reminders widgets—pinned on the Home Screen next to the app icons.

Open Today View

Swipe right from the left edge of the Home Screen or the Lock Screen.

Keep Today View widgets on your Home Screen

You can keep Today View widgets on your Home Screen next to your apps when iPad is in landscape orientation.

  1. With iPad in landscape orientation, open Today View from the Home Screen, then touch and hold the Home Screen background until the apps jiggle.

  2. Turn on Keep On Home Screen, then tap Done.

Tip: A widget called a Smart Stack (one that has dots next to it) is a set of several widgets that uses information such as the time, your location, and activity to display the most relevant widget at the appropriate time in your day. You can swipe through a Smart Stack to see the widgets it contains.

Add widgets from the widget gallery

  1. Open Today View, then touch and hold the Home Screen background until the apps begin to jiggle.

  2. Tap the Add Widget button at the top of the screen to open the widget gallery.

    The widget gallery on iPad showing widgets including the Notes, Clock, Calendar, Photos, Maps, Music, and Podcasts widgets.

    Scroll or search to find the widget you want, tap it, then swipe through the size options.

    The different sizes display different information.

    When you see the size you want, tap Add Widget, then tap Done.

    Tip: A widget called a Smart Stack (one that has dots next to it) is a set of several widgets that uses information such as the time, your location, and activity to display the most relevant widget at the appropriate time in your day. You can swipe through a Smart Stack to see the widgets it contains.

    Remove or rearrange widgets

    In landscape orientation, open Today View on the Home Screen.

    Touch and hold the Home Screen background until the apps begin to jiggle, then do any of the following:

    • Remove a widget: Tap the Editing button on the widget, then tap Remove.

    • Rearrange the widgets: Drag a widget to a new location in Today View.

    Edit a widget

    You can customize most widgets so they display the information you want. For example, you can edit a Weather widget to display the forecast for your location or a different area. Or you can customize a Smart Stack to rotate automatically through its widgets based on things like your activity, the time of day, and so on.

    On your Home Screen, touch and hold a widget to open a quick actions menu.

    Tap Edit Widget if it appears (or Edit Stack, if it’s a Smart Stack), then choose options.

    For example, for a Weather widget, you can tap Location, then select a location for your forecast. 

    For a Smart Stack, you can turn Smart Rotate off or on and reorder the widgets in the stack by dragging the Reorder button next to them.

    Tap the Home Screen background.

    Remove Today View from your Home Screen

    Touch and hold the Home Screen background until the apps jiggle.

    Turn off Keep On Home Screen, then tap Done.

    When you swipe left on your Home Screen, Today View will move off the screen.

     

    Allow access to Today View when iPad is locked

    Go to Settings , then, depending on your model, tap one of the following:

    • Face ID & Passcode

    • Touch ID & Passcode

    • Passcode

    Enter your passcode.

    Turn on Today View (below Allow Access When Locked).

Sketchingexample

Note Taking

Take notes in all-new ways with your iPad and Apple Pencil!

To quickly open a note, wake iPad, then tap the Lock Screen with Apple Pencil. Tap the Handwriting Tools button to start writing or sketching. Make a mistake? To erase something you’ve written, just scribble over it. To erase something you’ve just drawn, tap the Undo button. As you work, you can reposition the toolbar by dragging it to any edge.

  1. 1. Once on the webpage or article you’d like to convert, tap the share sheet icon
  2. Scroll down the list of options to Markup, and select
    1. You may get a message that "The website did not finish loading" this is typically due to the website ads changing regularly. Just select continue
  3. The website image will be a new window where you can annotate right onto the website. 
  4. Select done and choose where you would like to save the PDF. 

The Apple pencil will allow you to handwrite into any area where text can be input. 

  • Simply start writing into the text box and the iPad will do the rest. 
MacBook Keyboard

Keyboard shortcuts

Keyboard shortcuts are easy and help you get your job done faster. You can increase your productivity and accomplish more tasks by using the keyboard instead of a mouse.

Cut, copy, paste, and other common shortcuts

  • Command-X: Cut the selected item and copy it to the Clipboard.
  • Command-C: Copy the selected item to the Clipboard. This also works for files in the Finder.
  • Command-V: Paste the contents of the Clipboard into the current document or app. This also works for files in the Finder.
  • Command-Z: Undo the previous command. You can then press Shift-Command-Z to Redo, reversing the undo command. In some apps, you can undo and redo multiple commands.
  • Command-A: Select All items.
  • Command-F: Find items in a document or open a Find window.
  • Command-G: Find Again: Find the next occurrence of the item previously found. To find the previous occurrence, press Shift-Command-G.
  • Command-H: Hide the windows of the front app. To view the front app but hide all other apps, press Option-Command-H.
  • Command-M: Minimize the front window to the Dock. To minimize all windows of the front app, press Option-Command-M.
  • Command-O: Open the selected item, or open a dialog to select a file to open.
  • Command-P: Print the current document.
  • Command-S: Save the current document.
  • Command-T: Open a new tab.
  • Command-W: Close the front window. To close all windows of the app, press Option-Command-W.
  • Option-Command-EscForce quit an app.
  • Command–Space bar: Show or hide the Spotlight search field. To perform a Spotlight search from a Finder window, press Command–Option–Space bar. (If you use multiple input sources to type in different languages, these shortcuts change input sources instead of showing Spotlight. Learn how to change a conflicting keyboard shortcut.)
  • Control–Command–Space bar: Show the Character Viewer, from which you can choose emoji and other symbols.
  • Control-Command-F: Use the app in full screen, if supported by the app.
  • Space bar: Use Quick Look to preview the selected item.
  • Command-Tab: Switch to the next most recently used app among your open apps. 
  • Shift-Command-5: In macOS Mojave or later, take a screenshot or make a screen recording. Or use Shift-Command-3 or Shift-Command-4 for screenshots. Learn more about screenshots.
  • Shift-Command-N: Create a new folder in the Finder.
  • Command-Comma (,): Open preferences for the front app.

Sleep, log out and shut down shortcuts

You might need to press and hold some of these shortcuts for slightly longer than other shortcuts. This helps you to avoid using them unintentionally.

  • Power button: Press to turn on your Mac or wake it from sleep. Press and hold for 1.5 seconds to put your Mac to sleep.* Continue holding to force your Mac to turn off.
  • Option–Command–Power button* or Option–Command–Media Eject : Put your Mac to sleep.
  • Control–Shift–Power button* or Control–Shift–Media Eject : Put your displays to sleep.
  • Control–Power button* or Control–Media Eject : Display a dialog asking whether you want to restart, sleep, or shut down.
  • Control–Command–Power button:* Force your Mac to restart, without prompting to save any open and unsaved documents.
  • Control–Command–Media Eject : Quit all apps, then restart your Mac. If any open documents have unsaved changes, you will be asked whether you want to save them.
  • Control–Option–Command–Power button* or Control–Option–Command–Media Eject : Quit all apps, then shut down your Mac. If any open documents have unsaved changes, you will be asked whether you want to save them.
  • Control-Command-Q: Immediately lock your screen.
  • Shift-Command-Q: Log out of your macOS user account. You will be asked to confirm. To log out immediately without confirming, press Option-Shift-Command-Q.

 

Finder and system shortcuts

  • Command-D: Duplicate the selected files.
  • Command-E: Eject the selected disk or volume.
  • Command-F: Start a Spotlight search in the Finder window.
  • Command-I: Show the Get Info window for a selected file.
  • Command-R: (1) When an alias is selected in the Finder: show the original file for the selected alias. (2) In some apps, such as Calendar or Safari, refresh or reload the page. (3) In Software Update preferences, check for software updates again.
  • Shift-Command-C: Open the Computer window.
  • Shift-Command-D: Open the desktop folder.
  • Shift-Command-F: Open the Recents window, showing all of the files you viewed or changed recently.
  • Shift-Command-G: Open a Go to Folder window.
  • Shift-Command-H: Open the Home folder of the current macOS user account.
  • Shift-Command-I: Open iCloud Drive.
  • Shift-Command-K: Open the Network window.
  • Option-Command-L: Open the Downloads folder.
  • Shift-Command-N: Create a new folder.
  • Shift-Command-O: Open the Documents folder.
  • Shift-Command-P: Show or hide the Preview pane in Finder windows.
  • Shift-Command-R: Open the AirDrop window.
  • Shift-Command-T: Show or hide the tab bar in Finder windows. 
  • Control-Shift-Command-T: Add selected Finder item to the Dock (OS X Mavericks or later)
  • Shift-Command-U: Open the Utilities folder.
  • Option-Command-D: Show or hide the Dock. 
  • Control-Command-T: Add the selected item to the sidebar (OS X Mavericks or later).
  • Option-Command-P: Hide or show the path bar in Finder windows.
  • Option-Command-S: Hide or show the Sidebar in Finder windows.
  • Command–Slash (/): Hide or show the status bar in Finder windows.
  • Command-J: Show View Options.
  • Command-K: Open the Connect to Server window.
  • Control-Command-A: Make an alias of the selected item.
  • Command-N: Open a new Finder window.
  • Option-Command-N: Create a new Smart Folder.
  • Command-T: Show or hide the tab bar when a single tab is open in the current Finder window.
  • Option-Command-T: Show or hide the toolbar when a single tab is open in the current Finder window.
  • Option-Command-V: Move the files in the Clipboard from their original location to the current location.
  • Command-Y: Use Quick Look to preview the selected files.
  • Option-Command-Y: View a Quick Look slideshow of the selected files.
  • Command-1: View the items in the Finder window as icons.
  • Command-2: View the items in a Finder window as a list.
  • Command-3: View the items in a Finder window in columns. 
  • Command-4: View the items in a Finder window in a gallery.
  • Command–Left Bracket ([): Go to the previous folder.
  • Command–Right Bracket (]): Go to the next folder.
  • Command–Up Arrow: Open the folder that contains the current folder.
  • Command–Control–Up Arrow: Open the folder that contains the current folder in a new window.
  • Command–Down Arrow: Open the selected item.
  • Right Arrow: Open the selected folder. This works only when in list view.
  • Left Arrow: Close the selected folder. This works only when in list view.
  • Command-Delete: Move the selected item to the Trash.
  • Shift-Command-Delete: Empty the Trash.
  • Option-Shift-Command-Delete: Empty the Trash without confirmation dialog.
  • Command–Brightness Down: Turn video mirroring on or off when your Mac is connected to more than one display.
  • Option–Brightness Up: Open Displays preferences. This works with either Brightness key.
  • Control–Brightness Up or Control–Brightness Down: Change the brightness of your external display, if supported by your display.
  • Option–Shift–Brightness Up or Option–Shift–Brightness Down: Adjust the display brightness in smaller steps. Add the Control key to this shortcut to make the adjustment on your external display, if supported by your display.
  • Option–Mission Control: Open Mission Control preferences.
  • Command–Mission Control: Show the desktop. 
  • Control–Down Arrow: Show all windows of the front app.
  • Option–Volume Up: Open Sound preferences. This works with any of the volume keys.
  • Option–Shift–Volume Up or Option–Shift–Volume Down: Adjust the sound volume in smaller steps.
  • Option–Keyboard Brightness Up: Open Keyboard preferences. This works with either Keyboard Brightness key.
  • Option–Shift–Keyboard Brightness Up or Option–Shift–Keyboard Brightness Down: Adjust the keyboard brightness in smaller steps.
  • Option key while double-clicking: Open the item in a separate window, then close the original window.
  • Command key while double-clicking: Open a folder in a separate tab or window.
  • Command key while dragging to another volume: Move the dragged item to the other volume, instead of copying it. 
  • Option key while dragging: Copy the dragged item. The pointer changes while you drag the item.
  • Option-Command while dragging: Make an alias of the dragged item. The pointer changes while you drag the item.
  • Option-click a disclosure triangle: Open all folders within the selected folder. This works only when in list view.
  • Command-click a window title: See the folders that contain the current folder.
  • Learn how to use Command or Shift to select multiple items in the Finder
  • Click the Go menu in the Finder menu bar to see shortcuts for opening many commonly used folders, such as Applications, Documents, Downloads, Utilities, and iCloud Drive.

Document shortcuts

The behavior of these shortcuts may vary with the app you're using.

  • Command-B: Boldface the selected text, or turn boldfacing on or off. 
  • Command-I: Italicize the selected text, or turn italics on or off.
  • Command-K: Add a web link.
  • Command-U: Underline the selected text, or turn underlining on or off.
  • Command-T: Show or hide the Fonts window.
  • Command-D: Select the Desktop folder from within an Open dialog or Save dialog.
  • Control-Command-D: Show or hide the definition of the selected word.
  • Shift-Command-Colon (:): Display the Spelling and Grammar window.
  • Command-Semicolon (;): Find misspelled words in the document.
  • Option-Delete: Delete the word to the left of the insertion point.
  • Control-H: Delete the character to the left of the insertion point. Or use Delete.
  • Control-D: Delete the character to the right of the insertion point. Or use Fn-Delete.
  • Fn-Delete: Forward delete on keyboards that don't have a Forward Delete key. Or use Control-D.
  • Control-K: Delete the text between the insertion point and the end of the line or paragraph.
  • Fn–Up Arrow: Page Up: Scroll up one page. 
  • Fn–Down Arrow: Page Down: Scroll down one page.
  • Fn–Left Arrow: Home: Scroll to the beginning of a document.
  • Fn–Right Arrow: End: Scroll to the end of a document.
  • Command–Up Arrow: Move the insertion point to the beginning of the document.
  • Command–Down Arrow: Move the insertion point to the end of the document.
  • Command–Left Arrow: Move the insertion point to the beginning of the current line.
  • Command–Right Arrow: Move the insertion point to the end of the current line.
  • Option–Left Arrow: Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word.
  • Option–Right Arrow: Move the insertion point to the end of the next word.
  • Shift–Command–Up Arrow: Select the text between the insertion point and the beginning of the document.
  • Shift–Command–Down Arrow: Select the text between the insertion point and the end of the document.
  • Shift–Command–Left Arrow: Select the text between the insertion point and the beginning of the current line.
  • Shift–Command–Right Arrow: Select the text between the insertion point and the end of the current line.
  • Shift–Up Arrow: Extend text selection to the nearest character at the same horizontal location on the line above.
  • Shift–Down Arrow: Extend text selection to the nearest character at the same horizontal location on the line below.
  • Shift–Left Arrow: Extend text selection one character to the left.
  • Shift–Right Arrow: Extend text selection one character to the right.
  • Option–Shift–Up Arrow: Extend text selection to the beginning of the current paragraph, then to the beginning of the following paragraph if pressed again.
  • Option–Shift–Down Arrow: Extend text selection to the end of the current paragraph, then to the end of the following paragraph if pressed again.
  • Option–Shift-Left Arrow: Extend text selection to the beginning of the current word, then to the beginning of the following word if pressed again.
  • Option–Shift–Right Arrow: Extend text selection to the end of the current word, then to the end of the following word if pressed again.
  • Control-A: Move to the beginning of the line or paragraph.
  • Control-E: Move to the end of a line or paragraph.
  • Control-F: Move one character forward.
  • Control-B: Move one character backward.
  • Control-L: Center the cursor or selection in the visible area.
  • Control-P: Move up one line.
  • Control-N: Move down one line.
  • Control-O: Insert a new line after the insertion point.
  • Control-T: Swap the character behind the insertion point with the character in front of the insertion point.
  • Command–Left Curly Bracket ({): Left align.
  • Command–Right Curly Bracket (}): Right align.
  • Shift–Command–Vertical bar (|): Center align.
  • Option-Command-F: Go to the search field. 
  • Option-Command-T: Show or hide a toolbar in the app.
  • Option-Command-C: Copy Style: Copy the formatting settings of the selected item to the Clipboard.
  • Option-Command-V: Paste Style: Apply the copied style to the selected item.
  • Option-Shift-Command-V: Paste and Match Style: Apply the style of the surrounding content to the item pasted within that content.
  • Option-Command-I: Show or hide the inspector window.
  • Shift-Command-P:  Page setup: Display a window for selecting document settings.
  • Shift-Command-S: Display the Save As dialog, or duplicate the current document.
  • Shift–Command–Minus sign (-): Decrease the size of the selected item.
  • Shift–Command–Plus sign (+): Increase the size of the selected item. Command–Equal sign (=) performs the same function.
  • Shift–Command–Question mark (?): Open the Help menu.

 

 

Use common keyboard shortcuts

Most iPad keyboard shortcuts use the Command ⌘ key, like on a Mac. If you're more familiar with a PC keyboard, the Command ⌘ key does the same thing as the Control key on a PC.

Here are some common keyboard shortcuts:

  • Command-H: Go to the Home screen.
  • Command-Space bar: Show or hide the Search field.
  • Command-Tab: Switch to the next most recently used app among your open apps.
  • Command-Shift-3: Take a screenshot.
  • Command-Shift-4: Take a screenshot and immediately open Markup to view or edit it.
  • Command-Option-D: Show or hide the Dock.

Want to add an emoji? To quickly find the emoji keyboard, press the globe key  when you're in a text field. Don't see the emoji keyboard? Make sure that it's turned on.

Customize keyboard shortcuts

  1. Open Settings, then tap Accessibility.
  2. Tap Keyboards.
  3. Tap Full Keyboard Access and turn it on.
  4. Tap Commands.
  5. Tap a command, then press a custom key combination to assign to it.
  6. Tap Done.

 

Multitaskingexample

Split-View

Use split-view on either your iPad or MacBook to easily take notes during a Zoom meeting, make notes while reading an article, or watch a movie while pretending to pay attention to a lecture. 

 

  1. Hover your pointer over the full-screen button  in the upper-left corner of a window. Or click and hold the button.
  2. Choose ”Tile Window to Left of Screen” or ”Tile Window to Right of Screen” from the menu. The window then fills that side of the screen.
  3. Then click a window on the other side of the screen to begin using both windows side by side.

 

How to use Slide Over:

  1. Open an app.
  2. Swipe up from the bottom of the screen to open the Dock.
  3. On the Dock, touch and hold the second app that you want to open, then drag it to the screen.

 

How to use Split View:

  1. Open an app.
  2. Swipe up from the bottom of the screen to open the Dock.
  3. On the Dock, touch and hold the second app that you want to open, then drag it off the dock to the left or right edge of the screen.