Neil R. MacIntyre is a professor of medicine in the Department of Medicine at Duke University School of Medicine and former vice-chair of clinical services in the Department of Medicine. He is one of a handful of physicians internationally recognized as an expert in respiratory life support and mechanical ventilation, and his expertise most recently has informed improvements in ventilation strategies for COVID-19 patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.
As the long-time medical director of the Duke Pulmonary Function Laboratory, he has also been at the forefront of important technical innovations and global standardization of pulmonary function testing. In 1985, he founded the internationally recognized Duke Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program and has been its medical director from inception.
He is a principal investigator (PI) or co-Pl on more than 37 multi-center clinical trials, including the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-National Institutes of Health-funded Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network trials for evaluating aspects of respiratory failure, and the National Emphysema Treatment Trial for evaluating surgery for patients with emphysema and long-term oxygen treatment for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
MacIntyre is medical director of the Duke Respiratory Care Services Department at Duke University Hospital and has been at the forefront of assuring evidence-based practice in Duke critical care units. Additionally, MacIntyre has mentored numerous students, residents, fellows, respiratory therapists, and junior colleagues clinically and academically.
MacIntyre was selected as a Giant in Chest Medicine in 2016 and awarded the College Medal in 2020 by the American College of Chest Physicians. Other honors and awards include the Duke University School of Medicine Senior Pulmonary Faculty Teaching Award, the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation’s Thomas Petty Distinguished Pulmonary Scholar, the American Association of Respiratory Care Jimmy Young Medal, and the American Respiratory Care Foundation’s Forrest Bird Lifetime Scientific Achievement Award.
Education: University of San Francisco; Weill Cornell Medical College
Training: Cornell Medical Center-New York Hospital; University of California San Francisco
Current Title: Professor of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine
Updated April 22, 2022