Neil R. MacIntyre, MD, is a professor of medicine in the Department of Medicine at Duke University School of Medicine and former vice-chair of clinical services in the Department of Medicine. He is one of a handful of physicians internationally recognized as an expert in respiratory life support and mechanical ventilation, and his expertise most recently has informed improvements in ventilation strategies for COVID-19 patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.
As the long-time medical director of the Duke Pulmonary Function Laboratory, he has also been at the forefront of important technical innovations and global standardization of pulmonary function testing. In 1985, he founded the internationally recognized Duke Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program and has been its medical director from inception.
He is a principal investigator (PI) or co-Pl on more than 37 multi-center clinical trials, including the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-National Institutes of Health-funded Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network trials for evaluating aspects of respiratory failure, and the National Emphysema Treatment Trial for evaluating surgery for patients with emphysema and long-term oxygen treatment for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
MacIntyre is medical director of the Duke Respiratory Care Services Department at Duke University Hospital and has been at the forefront of assuring evidence-based practice in Duke critical care units. The department has been recognized for its innovative excellence in the development of evidence-based care algorithms that have been models for many institutions around the nation.
MacIntyre has mentored numerous students, residents, fellows, respiratory therapists, and junior colleagues clinically and academically. He is an excellent pulmonary and critical care physician, caring for some of the sickest patients at Duke. MacIntyre is the author or co-author of 159 peer reviewed scientific articles (93 original science), 142 book chapters/reviews/statements, 53 editorials/letters/forwards and 22 books/monographs that have had a major impact.
MacIntyre was selected as a Giant in Chest Medicine in 2016 and awarded the College Medal in 2020 by the American College of Chest Physicians. Other honors and awards include the Duke University School of Medicine Senior Pulmonary Faculty Teaching Award, the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation’s Thomas Petty Distinguished Pulmonary Scholar, the American Association of Respiratory Care Jimmy Young Medal, and the American Respiratory Care Foundation’s Forrest Bird Lifetime Scientific Achievement Award.
Education: University of San Francisco; Weill Cornell Medical College
Training: Cornell Medical Center-New York Hospital; University of San Francisco
Current Title: Professor of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine